The Air Quality and Climate Change research portfolio works to enable the development and evaluation of national policies, strategies and technologies to mitigate the impact of poor air quality and adapt to climate change in Qatar. This is done by leveraging our existing institutional capabilities to deliver high-impact, research-based solutions to empower national decision makers.
The key deliverables include:
QEERI works with national stakeholders to quantify the impact of poor air quality on energy and health systems in Qatar, and to develop methodologies to quantify regional climate trends and position Qatari technology to adapt to future changes in climate.
To provide relevant national impact, the portfolio will;
The pillar aims to establish a comprehensive air quality and photochemical assessment of Doha’s current air shed. It also aims to establish a continuous air-quality monitoring network for Qatar. A framework for Air Quality Management (AQM) in Qatar has been proposed to the MME. This puts in place a process to identify the priority air quality research and management areas, establish national air quality goals, develop and implement the necessary intervention strategies through use of the DSS, and ongoing evaluation of the efficacy of the intervention strategies..
This pillar is focused on establishing a national atmospheric modeling platform (or Decision Support System) which will contribute towards quantifying the impact of dust on solar PV performance for the minimization of the energy yields loss due to PV soiling and designing of pollution mitigation and climate adaptation strategies for the region.
This pillar’s objective is to capitalize on the knowledge base and measurement data gained from pillar 1 and the modelling decision support system developed in pillar 2 to provide research-based solutions to address nationally relevant challenges. This is done through the assessment of trends and impacts of air quality on existing energy and health systems in Qatar; the development of air quality mitigation strategies and technologies, and providing technical justification for proposed national environmental regulations; as well as the development of a regional climate database to be used as a baseline to quantify climate change within the region and inform national decision makers.
Deployment of a five station ambient air quality monitoring network to assess the hourly, day-to-day, seasonal and inter-annual variability in pollutant concentrations and distribution over the major population centers in Qatar. The stations are being linked to the National Ambient Monitoring Network administered by the Ministry of Municipality and Environment (MME).
Preliminary characterization of the elemental composition of Particulate Matter in Doha and source apportionment of particulate and gaseous pollutants during winter months. Approximately 40-60 percent of particulate matter (PM10) measured in Doha is of anthropogenic origin, including major contributions from tailpipe emissions, break- and tire-ware and construction activities. This is dependent on the prevailing meteorological conditions at the time of the measurement.
Compilation and validation of the regional Chemistry-Transport Model (WRF-Chem) on the RAAD2 supercomputer and development of a national Decision Support System (DSS). The DSS models the meteorology, pollutant emission and formation over the entire GCC with higher spatial resolution over the State of Qatar. This allows us to understand how much of our pollution profile is due to emissions that are directly under our control. The DSS empowers national stakeholders to make the best-informed decisions on proposed development activities and planned national policies.
Development of an Air Quality Index (AQI) and Inhalable Particulates Index (IPI) for the State of Qatar. The AQI and IPI were developed with national environmental regulations and human health impacts in mind and were submitted to the MME for national adoption.
Development of a national surface and upper air climate database for the State of Qatar. The database shows surface temperature trends of approximately +0.52 degrees Celsius per decade, with higher trends for the months of March and May.
Development of a bottom-up vehicular emissions estimator tool and preparation for invention disclosure. This tool enables very high spatial and temporal resolution estimation of vehicular emissions in any urban area.
QEERI works with MoPH in assessing the human health impacts of air quality in Qatar, assisting the Ministry with validation of their ambient monitoring data and jointly monitoring air quality in Al Wakrah Hospital.